IX Zlot Gwiaździsty do Kutna „Szlakami Walk nad Bzurą”

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Kolejny już IX Zlot Gwiaździsty do Kutna „Szlakami Walk nad Bzurą” odbędzie się 24.09.2016 roku, szczegółowe informacje oraz regulamin już wkrótce będą dostępne na stronie.

 

Sukces kutnowskich twórców w ogólnopolskim konkursie PTTK

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Zygmunt Szadkowski Krystyna DolatW roku 2006 przypadła 100. rocznica powstania Polskiego Towarzystwa Krajoznawczego. W związku z tym Zarząd Główny Polskiego Towarzystwa Turystyczno-Krajoznawczego ogłosił stały konkurs pt. „Z historii i tradycji turystyki i krajoznawstwa w Polsce”.
Cele i warunki konkursu zostały zawarte w regulaminie konkursu. Krystyna Dolat i Jan Jerzy Jóźwiak z Kutna napisali w roku 2015 pracę na konkurs pt. ”Wierszem pisane wędrówki turystyczne po powiecie kutnowskim” i zajęli II miejsce. Wyniki ogłoszono 15.03.2016r. Opracowanie dotyczyło obiektów zabytkowych z 11 gmin powiatu kutnowskiego, sfotografowanych i opisanych wierszem. Powstało nowatorskie połączenie turystyki i poezji.

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Informacja na temat posiedzeń Zarządu

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Od 14.01.2016 posiedzenia Zarządu odbywać się będą w każdą drugą środę miesiąca w godzinach 17 - 18.30 w KDK w salce konferencyjnej na pierwszym piętrze. W czasie posiedzeń będzie możliwość opłacenia składek członkowskich.

Wysokość składek w 2016 roku: normalna - 45 zł, ulgowa - 25 zł, ulgowa (młodzieżowa) - 20 zł.

 

 

 

 

VIII Gwiaździsty Zlot do Kutna "Szlakami walk nad Bzurą"

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Wszystkich chętnych zapraszamy już w najbliższą sobotę 26 września do udziału w wycieczce rowerowej. Podczas jej trwania będzie można zdobywać punkty do następujących odznak PTTK: Kolarska Odznaka Turystyczna, Turysta Przyrodnik, Regionalna Odznaka Krajoznawcza, Odznaka Krajoznawcza PTTK Województwa Łódzkiego, Miłośnik Ziemi Łowickiej, Mazowiecka Odznaka Krajoznawcza, Szlakami Architektury Sakralnej w Polsce, Szlakiem Zamków, Pałaców i Dworów Mazowsza.

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Odznaka turystyczno-krajoznawcza PTTK "Śladami Żołnierzy Wyklętych 1945 - 1963"

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szwW celu upamiętnienia żołnierzy antykomunistycznego podziemia Oddział Stołeczny PTTK im. Aleksandra Janowskiego w Warszawie wspólnie z Oddziałem PTTK Ziemi Jaworskiej w Jaworze ustanowił Odznakę Turystyczno-Krajoznawczą „ŚLADAMI ŻOŁNIERZY WYKLĘTYCH 1945 -1963” Celem odznaki jest zachęcenie najszerszych rzesz turystów a zwłaszcza młodzieży do zdobywania i poszerzania wiedzy o polskim podziemiu niepodległościowym z lat 1945 – 1963 o żołnierzach II konspiracji zwanych wyklętymi, niezłomnymi. Warunkiem zdobycia odznaki jest zwiedzenie minimum 15 obiektów wymieninych w regulaminie. Mogą być uwzględniane również obiekty nie wymienione w załączniku po odpowiednim udokumentowaniu.

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Relacja z VIII Zlotu Gwiaździstego do Kutna „Szlakami Walk nad Bzurą”

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trasa dłuższaW sobotę 26 września odbył się VIII Zlot Gwiaździsty do Kutna „Szlakami Walk nad Bzurą”. Organizatorzy, czyli PTTK Oddział w Kutnie oraz Bike Club Kutno zaplanowali rajd rowerowy którego celem było odwiedzenie miejsc pamięci związanych z kampanią wrześniową w miejscowościach: Orłów, Bielawy i Walewice. W miejscowościach tych znajdują się cmentarze z kwaterami żołnierskimi, przed którymi rowerzyści zapalili znicze i chwilą ciszy oddali hołd poległym.

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Życzenia Świąteczno-noworoczne

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imagesQ9AU52QCZdrowych, spokojnych i pełnych rodzinnego ciepła
świąt Narodzenia Pańskiego.
Odpoczynku od codziennego zabiegania
oraz chwili zadumy.
Wszelkiej pomyślności w Nowym Roku oraz spełnienia
w życiu osobistym i zawodowym życzy
Zarząd Oddziału PTTK w Kutnie

 


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  • 101 years

    Happy Independence Day, Poland! Some of those years were pretty hard, some were legendary, some were marked by suffering and some were filled with joy, but through it all, you have always made us proud! See what happened in the 101 years since Poland regained her independence.

    1.png

    1918     

    Poland regains independence

    In 1918, after 123 years of partitions, Poland returned on the map and regained its independence. This was a result of long-standing efforts of the whole Polish nation: armed struggle, political measures and attempts to cultivate Polish culture and tradition. In the photo: the Great National March in Warsaw on 17 November 1918.

    1919     

    Wielkopolska Uprising

    A victorious uprising which made it possible to incorporate the Wielkopolska region along with Poznan into Poland after years of the Prussian partition. In the photo: units of the Wielkopolska Army taking an oath.

    3.png 1920

    Battle of Warsaw

    The Battle of Warsaw, also called “the Miracle on the Vistula,” took place on 13–25 August 1920 during the Polish-Soviet war. It allowed Poland to keep its independence and prevented the spread of Communism in Western Europe.

    1921

    Demarcating Polish borders

    After World War I ended in 1918, the Polish state was rebuilt. The borders of the Polish territory were delineated from late 1918 until 1922.

    1922

    Assassination of Gabriel Narutowicz

    On 16 December 1922 in Warsaw, in the palace belonging to the Society for the Encouragement of Fine Arts, Eligiusz Niewiadomski shot President Gabriel Narutowicz three times with a gun. Narutowicz was Poland’s first president, chosen by the National Assembly, which met with a strong discontent of right-wing circles. The president was assassinated at a critical moment  – after Prime Minister Nowak presented President Narutowicz with the resignation of the government, and a new government was not yet appointed. For 24 hours after President Gabriel Narutowicz’s assassination, there was no-one to hold power in Poland. The death of the Polish president stirred great emotions in Poland and abroad.

    6.png 1923

    Gdynia port opens

    Under the Versailles Treaty Poland gained access to the Baltic Sea along a 147 kilometre-long coastline, but it had no large port. Gdansk remained a Free City under the protectorate of the League of Nations. During the Polish-Soviet war, Poland found itself in a predicament when weapon trans-shipment was blocked in the Gdansk port, which spurred a decision to build a new sea port as a guarantee of a newly regained sovereignty. The act was adopted in 1922, and a year later a temporary port was opened in the presence of top officials. A dozen or so years later, a small fishing village of Gdynia evolved into one of the most modern ports in Europe, around which a city was built with a population of more than 120,000 people before the outbreak of World War II.

     

    1924

    Nobel Prize for Władysław Reymont

    In November 1924, Władysław Reymont, a tailor by education, traveller by passion and writer by talent, was awarded by the Swedish Academy the Nobel Prize for Literature over Thomas Mann, Bernard Shaw and Thomas Hardy.

    Before moving on to writing novels, such as The Promised Land (1897), Reymont authored numerous short stories, but it was his great, four-volume national epic The Peasants (1904-1909) that won him literary acclaim and the Nobel.

    8.png 1925

    Success of Poland's pavilion at the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts

    Poland’s pavilion, an example of fine art déco architecture, as well as works by Polish artists, architects and designers were received with great interest and applause at the 1925 International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts in Paris.

    The pavilion was designed by Józef Czajkowski. Its design, a deco tower of (stained) glass and iron, was inspired by the architecture of traditional Polish manor houses, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Polish churches and the regional art traditions of the Podhale region (Zakopane style).

     

    1926

    The May Coup

    After more than 120 years of partitions, it was not easy for Poles to find their footing in the country ruled by their own representatives, as evidenced by a series of cabinet crises in early 1920s: from 1918 to 1926 there were 16 government changes! In May 1926, Marshal Józef Piłsudski and his supporters staged an armed coup d’état and started a thirteen year-long Sanacja regime which ended only when Poland was occupied by the Third Reich and the USSR.

    10.png 1927

    The launch of Poland-produced CWS T-1

    The first Poland-manufactured car was constructed in the Central Car Works and was named after the company. An estimated 800 cars were manufactured, including 500 passenger cars. Several types of cars were produced, including ambulances and pickup trucks. The main recipients of this beautiful and luxury car were public offices, the army, and individual purchasers. The last batch of cars left the factory in 1931, after the Polish government signed a licence agreement with the Italian Fiat. 

    1928     

    Halina Konopacka wins the first Olympic medal for Poland

    During the 9th Summer Olympic Games in Amsterdam, Halina Konopacka won the first Olympic gold medal in the history of Polish sports in discus throw. Konopacka was not only an athlete, but also an artist and an eminent personality. In 1939, she helped her husband Ignacy Matuszewski evacuate gold reserves of the Polish Bank.

    12.png 1929     

    LOT Polish Airlines launches its activities

    LOT Polish Airlines, which operates till today, was launched on 1 January 1929. In the photo: the fleet of our national carrier at a ceremony to inaugurate its London flight connection in 1939.

    1930

    The purchase of the first three Polish transatlantic ships (Polonia, Kościuszko, Pułaski, previously known as "Princess Dagmar’s jewels")

    In 1930, the Polish Transatlantic Ship Association bought Polish transatlantic ships SS “Pułaski,” SS “Polonia” and SS “Kościuszko.” They were the first trio of Polish transatlantic ships.

    1931

    Hanka Ordonówna’s theatre performances

    In early 1930s Hanka Ordonówna was the indisputable queen of the Polish stage. She developed her inimitable style at the time, evolving into a mature artist.

    15.png 1932

    Deciphering Enigma

    In late 1932, Polish mathematicians Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki and Henryk Zygalski read the first messages sent via the German cipher machine Enigma. Cracking the Enigma code had so far been considered impossible. The Polish scientists succeeded using a mathematical method. During the war various British centres continued work on new, updated versions of the code. Historians believe that breaking the code shortened the war by at least two years.

    1933

    Gorgonowa case (1932-34)

    The case of Rita Gorgonowa who was accused of killing her stepdaughter Lusia Zarembianka was the most sensational trial of the interwar period. The case was followed by crowds of gawkers and reports and gossip from the trial room were eagerly brought to curious readers by press across Poland. Tabloids were quick to pronounce the sentence on the woman who had the backing of feminist circles. The court of first instance sentenced her to death. The Supreme Court repealed the decision, changing the death penalty into a prison sentence. More than eighty years on, many still believe that Gorgonowa was not a murderess, but a victim of collective imagination.

    17.png 1934

    Inauguration of the Central Okęcie Airport

    The Central Okęcie Airport was officially opened by the Polish president Ignacy Mościcki on April 29, 1934. The complex included three hangars, exhibition space, garages, a large terminal building and a taxiway. With its construction and inauguration Warsaw received an airport worthy of a European capital.

    The Warsaw airport, renamed in 2001 in honour of Fryderyk Chopin, is Poland’s largest and busiest airport, which handles more than a third of all passenger air traffic in Poland. In 2018, it was also the busiest airport in the newer EU member states.

     

    1935

    Funeral of Józef Piłsudski

    Józef Piłsudski, considered by most as the father and the actual leader of the Second Polish Republic (1918-35), died on May 12, 1935, at Warsaw’s Belweder Palace.

    Condolences poured in from international leaders and special ceremonies were held at the Holy See as well as the League of Nations headquarters in Geneva. In Poland, ceremonies, masses and funeral processions were organised, and Piłsudski’s body was put on display for two years at St. Leonard’s Crypt at the Wawel Cathedral.

    Józef Piłsudski was the first Chief of State (1918-22) of the newly independent Poland and First Marshal of Poland, and, later, Prime Minister and Inspector-General. After a coup d’état in 1926, he rejected the presidency but remained influential and served as Minister of Military Affairs until 1935.

    19.png 1936

    King of the silver screen Eugeniusz Bodo

    Eugeniusz Bodo was – alongside Adolf Dymsza – a great star of prewar cinema.  He was famous both as actor, director, screenwriter and film producer. His greatest hits included „Ach śpij kochanie” (“Sleep well my dear”), „Umówiłem się z nią na dziewiątą” (“I am meeting her at nine”) and „Już taki jestem zimny drań” (“I am a cold-hearted bastard”). Adored by women, he was also an unquestioned model of elegance – in 1936 he won one of the most desired titles in interwar Poland – the king of style. He died of hunger and exhaustion in 1943 in a Soviet forced-labour camp in Kotlasa, 900 km north-east of Moscow.

     

     

    1937

    Construction of COP starts

    One of the largest economic initiatives of the interwar period – the Central Industrial District (Polish: COP - Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy) – focused on the development of heavy and arms industry. It also sought to reduce unemployment in areas affected by economic crises. In 1937-1939, 60% of all state’s investment expenditure was earmarked for COP growth. Some of the factories set up then are still in operation, among them the steel mill and power plant in Stalowa Wola or the tire factory in Debica.

    21.png 1938     

    National Museum opens in Warsaw

    In 1938, the building housing the National Museum in Warsaw was opened to the public. It was located at Aleje Jerozolimskie, close to the Poniatowski Bridge. A modernist building designed by Tadeusz Tołwiński and Antoni Dygat continues to be one of the capital’s landmarks. In the photo:  the museum’s building after its opening.

    1939     

    German Reich attacks Poland – outbreak of World War II

    On 1 September 1939, German invasion of Poland started World War II. The Polish Army mounted armed resistance, waiting for the allies to react. On 3 September 1939 France and Great Britain declared war on the German Reich, but failed to engage in real warfare. Poland’s tragic fate was sealed on 17 September 1939, when the Soviet Union invaded it from the east. The photo of Germans dismantling a Polish border barrier has since been a symbol of the German aggression, even though in reality it was a show put up on 14 September 1939 at the border between Poland and the Free City of Gdansk for the purposes of German propaganda.

    23.png 1940

    Katyn Massacre

    The Katyn Massacre was committed in spring 1940 by the NKVD which shot at least 21,768 Polish nationals (including more than 10,000 military and police officers). The crime was perpetrated following a decision of the USSR’s supreme authorities of 5 March 1940 (the so-called Katyn decision).

    1941

    Sikorski-Majski Deal

    The Anders Army, as the Polish Army organized in the territory of the Soviet Union was commonly called, was commanded by General Władysław Anders. It was created thanks to a favourable power structure which was formed after the German attack against the USSR in June 1941. Under Polish-Soviet arrangements set out in the Sikorski-Majski Deal of 30 July 1941, Poles who had been captured and illegally imprisoned by the Soviets in the years 1939-1941, were supposed to be released. On 14 August, the deal was supplemented by a military agreement which envisaged the creation of the Polish Army in the USSR.

    1942.png 1942

    Underground resistance and small sabotage

    During World War II in German-occupied Poland, Poles engaged in underground resistance which consisted of, among others, organised sabotage actions. The Home Army alone carried out more than 25,000 such operations. Sabotage actions staged by Polish underground resistance against the Germans targeted rail infrastructure, bridges and supply depots, but saboteurs were also responsible for built-in flaws in parts for aircraft engines and other machinery.  

    As for small sabotage operations, they involved acts such as distributing anti-German leaflets, breaking windows in German shops, hanging Polish flags on tram lines, painting German-mocking slogans on building walls and disrupting German propaganda campaigns.

    1943

    Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

    1943.png In 1943, an uprising broke out at the Warsaw Ghetto. It was an act of armed resistance to oppose the German plan to transport the remaining Jewish ghetto population to Majdanek and Treblinka concentration camps.

    The 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was carried out by units of Jewish fighters armed with pistols, grenades and a few automatic weapons and rifles, and, in the vast majority, by civilians (ca. 50,000-60,000). Those who survived the uprising were deported to concentration and force-labour camps, and the ghetto was completely destroyed.

    The Jews knew that they were bound to lose but they chose to die fighting rather than passively accept certain death.

     

    27.png 1944

    Warsaw Uprising

    The Warsaw Uprising broke out on August 1, 1944. It was the biggest freedom surge in the history of WW2 as almost 50,000 Home Army insurgents rose up against the German forces occupying the capital since 1939.

    After 63 days of fierce fighting, Poles – out of arms, supplies, food and water – were forced to surrender. Their two-month bid for freedom left the city in ruins and took between 160,000 and 200,000 Polish lives.

    The city literally bled out while the Soviet Red Army, stationed on the east bank of the Vistula, made no attempt to help the insurgents, and the promises of Allied support proved empty.

    Every years, at 5 pm on August 1, alarm sirens sound throughout Warsaw and the city comes to a stop. In a minute of silence Varsovians pay tribute to those who gave their lives in the 1944 heroic battle for Warsaw.

    28.png 1945

    End of World War II

    The Second World War, which started on September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, lasted 2 077 days and consumed the lives of some 60 million people across the world.

    Germany’s total and unconditional surrender in Europe was signed on May 7 and 8 and effective on May 8. On July 11, Allied leaders met in Potsdam to decide the fate of Germany and the post-war makeup of the continent.

    The USSR was occupying Central and Eastern Europe with Red Army troops effectively controlling the Baltic states, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania.

    The notion that Poland was the first victim of the war and the first victim of the peace, and that the country was cynically abandoned to the Soviet sphere of influence at the Potsdam and Yalta conferences was, and still is, common among Poles.

    War-destroyed Poland was forced to accept a puppet Communist government installed by Stalin. The shooting stopped but Poland, stripped of her pre-war independence, went from German occupation to Soviet control that lasted almost 50 years.

    29.png 1946

    Underground struggle of Cursed Soldiers

    Parliamentary elections held in 1947 according to the decisions of the Yalta Conference were rigged. Some soldiers from the independence-oriented underground movement decided to mount armed resistance against the new authorities. They wanted the Yalta decisions to be respected as regards the organization of truly free and democratic elections in Poland. It is estimated that in the years to come, as many as 200,000 people were active in various clandestine organizations in postwar Poland. Many of them were imprisoned, tortured and murdered. The majority left hiding in February 1947, but some had to continue undercover using false names until the end of communist Poland. The last “Invincible” Józef Franczak aka “Laluś” was shot in a raid in the autumn of 1963.

     

    1947

    Trial and execution of Rudolf Hoess

    Rudolf Hoess was the commander of the German Nazi extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau and one of the most wanted criminals of World War II. His trial started in March 1947 in a room of the Polish Teachers’ Union in Warsaw’s Powisle district. It was the only room large enough to house 500 people. Most of the audience were former concentration camp prisoners. Rudolf Hoess was found guilty and sentenced to death. The sentence was carried out in the former camp on 16 April. It was the last public execution in Poland.

    32.png 1948     

    Creation of Mazowsze Ensemble

    The National Folk Song and Dance Ensemble Mazowsze was created on 8 November 1949. It was founded by composer Tadeusz Sygietyński and the famous prewar actress Mira Zimińska. Its repertoire is based on Polish folklore and old folk traditions. Mazowsze has performed in Poland and across the world for 70 years.

    1949     

    Socialist Realism becomes Poland’s official doctrine

    Socialist Realism was an art doctrine introduced in early 1930s in the Soviet Union and after World War II in other states behind the Iron Curtain, including Poland in 1949. Socialist Realism was meant to counter the Western “bourgeois” art and promote the principles of communist ideology. It encompassed all fields of art: literature, film, music, painting, sculpture, and architecture. In the photo: a view of Warsaw’s MDM housing estate from the years 1953-1956. MDM was a flagship example of the use of Socialist Realism’s principles in architecture.

    1950

    Establishing of Radio Free Europe

    Two years later, on 3 May 1952, the Polish section of Radio Free Europe that operated from Munich started regular broadcasts of programmes in Polish. The head of the section was Jan Nowak-Jeziorański, the courier and emissary of the Home Army Headquarters and the Polish Government in Exile.

    35.png 1951

    Building the Nowa Huta district

    In 1951 Nowa Huta was incorporated into Krakow as the city’s youngest district. The design of the district drew on the grand baroque urban planning. Five avenues-axes radiated from the Central Square (including Avenue of Roses where the statue of Vladimir I. Lenin was erected in 1973, and pulled down in 1989). The square was surrounded by four quarters of residential blocks and housing estates.

    1952

    First TVP public broadcast

    The inaugural programme in the post-war history of Polish television was aired on October 25, 1952, at 7 pm. The signal was broadcast by the Experimental Television Station of the National Telecommunications Institute from a tiny studio at Ratuszowa Street in Warsaw. It was a 30-minute transmission consisting of performances by actors from the theatre and cinema.

    The above date is considered a symbolic beginning of TVP (Polish Television), even though pioneering research into the technology as well as first experimental television broadcasts were made in Warsaw as early as 1938 and 1939.

    1953

    Execution of General Fieldorf Nil 

    Brigadier general Emil August Fieldorf, better known under his nom de querre Nil, was the deputy commander-in-Chief of the Home Army, Poland’s largest and best-organised resistance movement answerable to its government in exile.

    General Fieldorf was detained by the NKVD at the end of the war. He passed under an assumed name and thus survived internment in the Soviet Union. Shortly after his return, in 1950, a sham offer of amnesty to Home Army survivors induced him to reveal his true identity. He was arrested on trumped up charges, subjected to physical and psychological torture and convicted in a show trial.

    On February 24, 1953, Fieldorf was hanged at Warsaw’s Mokotów Prison by the Polish Communist government as a “fascist-Hitlerite criminal”. He was posthumously rehabilitated by Poland’s post-Communist government and awarded the highest order, the Order of the White Eagle, for his merits.

    Up until Stalin’s death, many Home Army veterans were arrested, tortured and murdered as traitors by the communist regime determined to crush any potential opposition.

    38.png 1954

    The first colour feature film in the history of Polish cinematography, Adventure at Mariensztat

    The first colour feature film in the history of Polish cinematography, Adventure at Mariensztat, premiered on January 25, 1954. Set in post-war Warsaw, it was a propaganda production – directed by Leonard Buczkowski and written by Ludwik Starski – which combined the grit of social realism with a romantic comedy.

    Mariensztat, similarly to most parts of Warsaw, was razed to the ground during the war. Reconstruction work began in 1948 and Mariensztat soon became a model housing project under Poland’s communist authorities and the first part of the city to be completed in the ongoing reconstruction.

    The film tells the story of Hanka Ruczajówna, who moves to Warsaw from a small village in pursuit of a hoped-for romance and becomes a bricklayer in an all-female brigade. The film documents the post-war enthusiasm that accompanied the effort to rebuild Warsaw as well as women’s emancipation through work.

    39.png 1955

    The Fifth World Festival of Youth and Students in Warsaw

    The Fifth World Festival of Youth and Students (WFYS) was held in Warsaw over two weeks between 31 July and 15 August 1955. For the first time since the end of the war, Warsaw hosted an international event of this scale: the 1955 edition of WFYS was attended by more than 30,000 young participants from 114 countries, both capitalist and socialist.

    The motto of the festival was “For Peace and Friendship – Against the Aggressive Imperialist Pacts” and special emphasis was placed on the danger of nuclear annihilation, on the rising concept of peaceful coexistence within the socialist bloc as well as on strong criticism of the Western powers reluctantly letting go of their colonial grip.

    The festival events were set in the centre of Warsaw, which was slowly rising from its ashes. For Varsovians, WFYS provided a unique opportunity to meet people from the other side of the Iron Curtain and to admire their brightly coloured clothes and relaxed lifestyles. The festival is believed to have contributed greatly to the events of October 1956.

    40.png 1956

    Poznań June

    In June 1956 Poznań was a stage of workers’ protests that soon turned into riots. To suppress them, the authorities used the army. Ten thousand soldiers, almost 360 tanks, and over 30 field guns were deployed in Poznan, the capital of the Wielkopolska region. Officers of the militia and the Security Office also took part in street fights with the protesters.

    The government’s actions led to a bloody pacification in which 79 people died and over 600 were injured. When the protests were brought to an end, hundreds of people were arrested, and Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz said in a radio address to the nation: “Every inciter or madman who dares to raise their hand against the people’s power shall rest assured that the government will cut off the hand in the interest of the working class...”

     

    1957

    Passenger Automobile Factory FSO in Warsaw’s district of Zeran launched the series production of the Syrena

    Called the queen of Polish roads, the Syrena boasts a unique place in the history of Poland’s automotive industry for it was the only post-war vehicle that was entirely Poland-manufactured. Originally supposed to be a popular car, the Syrena was presented two years before its production began – during the World Festival of Youth and Students – and it cost half the price of the Warszawa, the previous car produced by FSO. Until 1983, when the last “Syrenka” left the production line, over half a million of the cars hit the Polish roads.

    1958     

    First Jazz Jamboree Festival

    Jazz Jamboree is one of the most famous jazz festivals in Europe. The first edition, called ‘Jazz 58,’ was held in September 1958 in Stodola, a student’s club in Warsaw. From the fourth edition on, the festival has been called Jazz Jamboree, a phrase coined by Leopold Tyrmand, a writer. The greatest jazz stars have taken part in the festival, including Miles Davis and Ray Charles, as well as world-famous Polish musicians such as Leszek Możdżer or Urszula Dudziak and Michał Urbaniak. In the photo: Krzysztof Komeda’s and Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski’s band performing in 1958.

    43.png 1959     

    Coronation insignia returned to Poland

    In 1959 the Polish coronation insignia were brought back from Canada. Taken out of Poland in 1939, they included Szczerbiec, the coronation sword of Polish kings that was forged at the turn of the 12th and 13th century. In the photo: Szczerbiec after its return to Poland, on display in the Royal Treasury at the Wawel Castle.

    1960

    Première of Aleksander Ford’s film Krzyżacy (Knights of the Teutonic Order)

    Following the official state celebrations of the 550th anniversary of the battle of Grunwald, the film première was held on 17 July 1960 in the Polonia cinema in Olsztyn. It was attended by representatives of state and party authorities as well as foreign guests. Krzyżacy was the first full-length movie in the Polish cinematography to be shot on the Eastman Kodak film that had been purchased especially for this very purpose; it also used Technicolor system and panoramic shots. So far the film has been seen by 30 million people.

    45 A.png 1961

    Poland’s 30 millionth citizen was born

    A baby girl born in Sosnowiec on 31 July 1961 was Poland’s 30 millionth citizen. Her father was a miner in the Milowice coal mine. Top representatives of state authorities came to the hospital to visit the child and her mother and to offer them some presents.

    1962

    Phenomenon of Moda Polska

    Moda Polska was a state-owned company established in 1958, and one of the most recognizable brands in the history of Polish fashion. For many women, it continued to be an inspiration and a beacon of style for the next forty years.

    It came to be after years of wartime hardship when women were forced to swap fancy outfits for more practical ones, and lean post-war years when they were expected to adopt the aesthetics of social realism, which meant dressing plainly, modestly and practically as any model female worker should.

    It was in these conditions that the idea of the “revival of the Polish woman” was conceived in the mind of Jadwiga Grabowska, the first manager and art director of Moda Polska. Grabowska’s main purpose was to show Polish women trends from Paris and, more importantly, to make fashionable but affordable ready-to-wear clothes sold across Poland in a chain of stores.

    Moda Polska survived until 1998. Though the company went bankrupt, its memory and rich legacy live on.

    1963.png 1963

    First National Polish Song Festival in Opole

    Opole is widely known as the capital of Polish pop music. The town has earned its title thanks to the National Polish Song Festival, which is the most important Polish singing contest and Poland’s first talent show. Back in the 1960s, the main idea behind the festival was to revive Polish popular music and entertainment culture.

    The first Opole Festival, inaugurated on June 19, 1963 at the Opole Millennium Amphitheater, hosted 102 artists including Ewa Demarczyk and Bogdan Łazuka. The formula of the Festival was open allowing for songs, cabarets, folk and military tunes to be presented.

    Since 1963, more than 50 festivals have taken place in the same spot, and the event was cancelled only once, in 1982, due to martial law. All of Poland’s music stars have performed at the Opole Festival at some point in their careers, and many of them saw their popularity sky-rocket right after.

    1964.png 1964

    First Olympic gold medal for Irena Szewińska

    Irena Szewińska was a Polish sprinter and long jumper. Her athletic accomplishments and numerous Olympic appearances made her one of Poland’s, and the world’s, foremost athletes of her generation.

    In 1964, at only 18, she competed in her first Olympic Games in Tokyo, where she took two silver medals (long jump and 200 metres) and won her first Olympic gold in the 400-metre relay.

    Szewińska participated in five Olympic Games and won seven Olympic medals, three of them gold, tying an Olympic women’s record. She broke six world records and is the only athlete to have held a world record in the 100 metres, 200 metres and the 400 metres at one point. She won 10 medals in Europeans Championships, twenty-six national titles and set 38 national records.

    1965

    1965.png Letter of the Polish Bishops to the German Bishops

    On November 18, 1965, Polish Roman Catholic bishops sent a pastoral letter to their German counterparts inviting them to the celebrations marking the 1000th anniversary of Poland’s baptism in 966.

    But the letter is so important for the post-war history of the Church in Poland and in German for a different reason. In it, the Polish bishops – led by Cardinal Primate Stefan Wyszyński and Cardinal Bolesław Kominek – wrote: “We extend to you who are sitting here on the benches of the [Second Vatican] Council, which is coming to an end, our hands and we grant you forgiveness and ask for it.”

    The letter was an attempt by the Polish bishops to look back at the history of Poland and Germany, and especially the plight of the Polish and the German peoples during and after World War II, to draw a moral account and, most importantly, to stretch out hands in a gesture of peace and reconciliation.

    1966

    The millennium anniversary of the baptism of Poland / the millennium of the Polish State

    Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński initiated religious celebrations marking the millennium of Poland’s baptism. Most of the celebrations were held in the Jasna Gora Monastery in Czestochowa. The communist authorities did not allow Pope Paul VI to come to Poland and take part in the events. Instead, they used this important anniversary for propaganda activities – organizing nationwide celebrations of the millennium of the Polish State. These included an educational programme called “One thousand schools for one thousand years.” As a result of the programme, in 1959-1972 Poland built 1,500 modern educational institutions.

    49.png 1967

    The Rolling Stones’ concert in Warsaw

    The rumour has it that after the USSR authorities called off The Rolling Stones’ concert in Moscow, the members of the band came up with the idea to perform in Warsaw instead. The concert was held on 13 April 1967 and brought together 5,000 music lovers in Warsaw’s Congress Hall that was designed to house 2,500 spectators. During the concert riots broke out outside the Palace of Culture and Science. There were other problems, too – Congress Hall, at that time the biggest and most modern music hall in Poland, lacked the necessary equipment for the band’s performance, and the money the musicians received was enough only to pay for their stay in Poland. However, The Rolling Stones’ first concert on the eastern side of the Iron Curtain certainly went down in history.

    1968     

    March 1968

    In March 1968 a political crisis took place during which students held mass demonstrations in Warsaw and other cities across the country. The protests broke out after the communist authorities took off the famous Polish play “Dziady” (Forefathers’ Eve) directed by Kazimierz Dejmka. In a broader context, the demonstrations were students’ response to censorship, stifling freedom of expression, and the authorities’ anti-Semitic sentiment. As a result of the events of March 1968, many representatives of Polish academia lost their jobs and a dozen or so thousands of people of Jewish descent left Poland.

    1969     

    Leonid Teliga’s solo voyage around the world

    1969 saw the end of Leopold Teliga’s two-year voyage during which he single-handedly circumnavigated the Earth in his wooden yacht SY Opty. An officer in the Polish Army of the Second Republic of Poland and the Polish Armed Forces, Teliga used to work as a journalist and writer. During the memorable voyage he suffered from cancer, a battle he lost two years after returning to Poland. In the photo: the Opty yacht in which Leonid Teliga circumnavigated the Earth, purchased by Higher Maritime School.

    52.png 1970

    December 1970

    In December 1970 nationwide workmen’s protests took place that were brutally suppressed by the communist militia and army. On 14-22 December 1970 demonstrations, protests, strikes, rallies, and riots were organized mainly in Gdynia, Gdansk, Szczecin, and Elblag. The immediate cause behind the strikes and demonstrations was the rise in the retail price of meat, meat products, and other foodstuffs.

    1971

    Purchase of licence to produce Fiat 126

    The production of “maluch” (the toddler) in Poland was the result of an industrial and licence cooperation agreement that was signed on 29 October 1971 between the Polish authorities and Fiat. According to the provisions of the agreement, the licence was not purchased for foreign currency – it was paid off in Poland-manufactured engines and gearboxes for Type 126 that was produced in Italy.

    1972

    Poland’s first Olympic gold medal in winter sports

    Wojciech Fortuna won Poland’s only Olympic medal during the 1972 winter Olympics in Sapporo, winning the large hill ski jumping competition. It was the first gold medal that was won by a Polish sportsman in the Winter Olympic Games.

    55.png 1973

    First non-working Saturday

    During the communist period the working week was six day long. The first non-working Saturday was 21 July 1973, a day before the National Day of the Rebirth of Poland. The last of the 21 demands put forward by workers in August 1980 was to introduce free Saturdays. In the Gdansk accords the authorities agreed to make all Saturdays non-working days, though the demand was not met until the end of the communist period.

    1974

    Bronze for Poland in the FIFA World Cup

    The 1974 World Cup in Munich was memorable for Poland as the tournament that put Poland on the world football map: Poles took third place after a 1-0 win against defending champion Brazil, and Grzegorz Lato claimed the coveted “Golden Boot”.

    After five straight wins, including against Argentina and Italy, Poland was one game away from the final but lost to host (and champion) West Germany 1-0. In the match for the third place against Brazil, Lato's goal took his tournament tally to seven making him the top scorer of the Championship.

    1975.png 1975

    Szurkowski’s fourth Peace Race victory

    The 13-stage 28th edition of the Peace Race, an multiple stage bicycle race held annually in Czechoslovakia, East Germany and Poland, ran from Berlin through Prague to Warsaw (1,930 kilometres) between May 8 and 22, 1975. It brought Ryszard Szurkowski his fourth victory in the event, which he also won back in 1970, 1971 and 1973.

    Szurkowski is a famed Polish road bicycle racer, who – apart from his successes in the “Tour the France of the Eastern Bloc” – also won Poland two Olympic silver medals in team time trial (Munich, 1972, Montreal, 1976).

    1976

    Establishment of the Workers’ Defence Committee

    1976.png The Workers’ Defence Committee (Polish: Komitet Obrony Robotników KOR) was the answer to the repressions meted out against participants of the June 1976 protests in Ursus, Radom, and Plock. Its purpose was to offer protesters financial, legal and medical help. The organisation was comprised of people from different backgrounds who enjoyed great esteem. In September 1976, 14 signatories announced the so-called Appeal to the society and Polish communist authorities in which they called for solidarity and mutual help as well as demanded to reinstate dismissed workers, victims of post-June repressions. Numerous citizens’ initiatives sprang up to accompany KOR: underground publications, the Flying University, independent publishing houses and organisations. By the end of the committee’s activity, it brought together about 3,000 collaborators. KOR was disbanded during the First Congress of the Solidarity Independent Self-Governing Trade Union in summer 1981.

    1977

    Stanisław Pyjas’ murder

    When Stanisław Pyjas, a student of Polish philology and philosophy who collaborated with KOR died in unclear circumstances, the city of Krakow where he studied and the whole Poland were shocked. According to the official report, the cause of Pyjas’ death was injuries resulting from a fall down the stairs. However, marks of beating indicated that he fell victim to the communist Security Service that had already kept him under surveillance. The murder was to prevent a rally that Pyjas had planned to organize during Juwenalia (students’ celebrations). The Security Service kept a close watch on Pyjas’ funeral. During a Black March in May, the Student Committee of Solidarity was founded, which demanded that the circumstances of Pyjas’ death be clarified and perpetrators be punished. As a result, over 50 people were arrested, including Jacek Kuroń and Antoni Macierewicz.

    1978

    Mirosław Hermaszewski’s space flight

    In 1978 Mirosław Hermaszewski was the first (and to this day the only) Pole to make a journey into space. The Polish cosmonaut, together with his Soviet counterpart Piotr Klimuk, flew aboard the Soviet Soyuz 30 spacecraft. The spacecraft took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome (in present-day Kazakhstan) on an eight-day mission, during which the cosmonauts circled the globe 126 times.

    61.png 1979     

    Pope John Paul II’s first pilgrimage to Poland

    One year after his elevation to the papal throne, John Paul II set out on a pilgrimage to Poland. The Pope’s visit to a country of the Eastern bloc was a turning point and at the same time an impetus for Poles’ aspirations for freedom. It was during this visit that John Paul II said the words that became a symbol of the struggle against the communist regime: “Let your Spirit descend. Let your Spirit descend and renew the face of the earth.”

    1980

    Strikes along Poland’s coast and the birth of Solidarity

    In mid-August 1980 a new tide of strikes swept the Polish coast where the memory of the authorities’ bloody suppression of the December 1970 protests was still alive. The wave of strikes in August 1980 gave rise to the birth of the Solidarity Independent Self-Governing Trade Union – the first legal trade union organization in communist countries that was independent of the authorities. On 31 August 1980 the Gdansk accords were signed by the government commission and the Inter-factory Strike Committee. The agreement and the birth of Solidarity marked the beginning of historic changes of 1989 – the overthrow of the communist regime and the end of the Yalta system.

    64.png 1981

    Martial law in Poland

    On 13 December 1981 the authorities introduced martial law in the whole Polish territory, following the resolution of the Council of State of 12 December 1981. The official reason behind the decision was the deteriorating economic situation in Poland which led to supply shortages in shops across the country. However, the real purpose of martial law was to stem social unrest and to quell the emerging democratic movement.

    1982

    Everyday life under martial law

    Dead phones, most newspapers unavailable, no petrol to buy, closed cinemas, theatres, libraries, and schools. Movement restrictions, curfew, a ban on strikes, and armoured carriers in the streets. The worst restrictions were lifted over time but the rough reality remained with the nearly bare shop shelves. Even the rationing system was not enough and queues formed for all items that were supplied in limited quantities by the authorities: coffee, butter or washing powder. What eased the situation slightly were parcels sent from Germany and distributed in churches and workplaces for Christmas. At the same time an alternative market was growing, while the select few could afford shopping at Pewex, or hard currency shops. Whereas ordinary shops were nearly always understocked or offered domestic, coarse and rationed goods, you could have genuine chocolate, coffee or LEGO sets at Pewex shops in exchange for vouchers or currency.

    1983

    Lech Wałęsa awarded Nobel Peace Prize

    On 5 October 1983, the Nobel Committee announced its decision to award the Nobel Peace Prize to the leader of the Solidarity trade union. The citation said that Lech Wałęsa’s activities were characterized by a determination to solve his country’s problems through negotiation and cooperation without resorting to violence. The prize on behalf of Lech Wałęsa was received by his wife, Danuta.

    66.png

    1984

    Assassination of Father Jerzy Popiełuszko

    Father Jerzy Popiełuszko was a Catholic priest and a committed anti-communist in communist Poland. In 1981, he joined the workers’ strike in Warsaw, and was since associated with the workers and trade unionists.

    He became chaplain to the Solidarity movement and a beacon of hope to millions of Poles. In the darkest days of martial law, thousands of people would come from all over Poland to hear him speak and his sermons were broadcast by Radio Free Europe making him and his uncompromising stance against the communist regime famous in Poland and beyond.

    The secret police made several attempts to silence him. On October 19, 1984, he was kidnapped by three officers and brutally murdered. More than 250,000 people attended his funeral on November 3, 1984. In 2010, he was beatified and declared a martyr.

    1985.png 1985

    First human heart transplant in Poland

    The first-ever successful human-to-human heart transplant operation in Poland was performed on November 5, 1985, by Professor Zbigniew Religa and his team at the Regional Centre of Cardiology in Zabrze (now known as the Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases).

    Despite tempting jb opportunities in the United States, Professor Religa returned to Poland and built the foundations of modern Polish cardiology - from heart transplant to the artificial human heart. Parallel to his work as a cardiac surgeon, he pursued a career in politics - first as a senator, later as a presidential candidate, and in 2005-2007 as Poland's Health Minister.

    1986

    Aftermath of Chernobyl power plant disaster

    1986.png Before the Chernobyl reactor accident, nobody in Poland, or elsewhere, thought about procedures to protect the population in the event of this type of accident. But as soon as 28 April the Radioactive Contamination Measurement Services came up with a plan that foresaw administering large doses of iodine to the public in order to prevent the body’s ability to absorb radioactive substances. As there was a shortage of iodine pills, on the very next day a Government Commission decided to make use of Lugol’s iodine — a solution of potassium iodide with iodine in water — and to administer it to children and young people throughout the country. Designed to block the intake of radioactive isotopes, this dose was taken by a total of 8.5 million people. It was the first ever preventive campaign on such a scale known in medicine and pulled off at such short notice, and at the same time one of the few cases when Poland’s communist authorities, in order to protect their citizens, took a decision that ran counter to the official position of the Soviet Union. 

    1987

    Successes of Jerzy Kukuczka

    Jerzy Kukuczka was one of the most talented climbers in history, and the second man to conquer the crown of the Himalayas. His brilliant Himalayan career started with a successful Lhotse expedition in 1979, followed by: Mt Everest, on a new route, in 1980; Makalu, on a new route, the following year; Broad Peak (1982), Gasherbrum I and II, on new routes (1983), Broad Peak again (1984); the winter ascents of Dhaulagiri and Cho Oyu (1985); Nanga Parbat, on a new route (1985), the winter ascent of Kanchenjunga (1986); K2, on a new route (1986); Manaslu, on a new route (1986); and the winter ascent of Annapurna (1987). Kukuczka scaled his last eight-thousander peak, Shisha Pangma, also opening a new route in 1987. He died two years later, falling off Lhotse at 8,300 m during an attempt on the famous, then unclimbed, southern wall.

    70.png 1988     

    Premiere of A Short Film About Killing

    A Short Film About Killing directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski premiered in March 1988. Like other works by Kieślowski, the film has become a symbol of the late communist era and at the same time a symbol of Poland’s filmmaking excellence worldwide. A Short Film About Killing was entered in the Cannes Festival, receiving critical acclaim. The photo shows a shot from the film.

    1989     

    Elections of 4 June

    On 4 June 1989, the communist bloc’s first partially free parliamentary elections were held, leading to the overthrow of communism. They were preceded by a heated election campaign. The poster “At High Noon” by Tomasz Sarnecki, intended to mobilise the voters, became the elections’ icon. Like never before, the anti-communist opposition joined their forces, enjoying overwhelming support, not only of the 10 million members of the Solidarity trade union, but also of the vast majority of the public.

    1990.png 1990

    Polish-German border is set

    The Polish-German border was ultimately confirmed by the treaty of 14 November 1990. Signed by the Republic of Poland and the Federal Republic of Germany, the treaty recognised the Odra (Oder) and Nysa Łużycka (Lusatian Neisse) rivers as the line of the western border. This was the greatest foreign policy success of Poland’s first non-communist government.

    1991

    Premiere of the musical Metro

    The musical Metro premiered at the Dramatyczny Theatre in Warsaw on 30 January 1991. Metro, a Polish musical scored by Janusz Stokłosa and directed by Janusz Józefowicz, tells a story of a group of young artists who are looking for happiness in life. The musical was a hit with a generation that was coming of age during the period of political transition and proved to be a springboard for many future artistic careers on the Polish stage.

    73 B.png 1992

    Premiere of the film Psy

    Psy (Pigs) — a Polish crime film directed by Władysław Pasikowski was the greatest box office success of the 1990s. Quotes from this cult film have entered everyday language. The plot is about a conflict between two friends, former Security Service officers, who part their ways after one of them joins mafia.

    1993

    Soviet troops leave Poland

    Soviet troops were stationed in Poland since the end of the Second World War, for almost 50 years. Negotiations on the withdrawal of the Soviet army from Poland were opened in December 1990. First troops left Poland in April 1991, and the process continued until the end of 1993.

    1994.png 1994

    Górniak’s performance at the 1994 Eurovision Song Contest

    Poland’s entry in the 1994 Eurovision Song Contest in Dublin  was “To nie ja” sung by Edyta Górniak, who was the first-ever Polish artist to participate. Dressed in a short white dress, Górniak gave a powerful performance, which was met with a very enthusiastic response from the audience and the jury alike.

    “To nie ja” received 166 points giving Górniak the second place of 25, which was and still is Poland’s best showing in the Eurovision contest.

    For Edyta Górniak, her performance at the Eurovision Song Contest and the song she sung proved to be a career breakthrough – “To nie ja” was the biggest hit of 1994 in Poland, and Górniak’s ticket to stardom.

     

    1995.png 1995

    Redenomination of the Polish zloty

    The liberalisation of economic controls during the early 1990s caused the Polish zloty to lose much of its value, and in 1995, the National Bank of Poland decided to drop four zeroes from Poland’s national currency, and to take the banknotes from the old zloty out of circulation replacing them with new coins and banknotes.

    Thus, on January 1, 1995, 10,000 old zloty became 1 new zloty. The original exchange rate was posted at 1 USD : 2.434 PLN. For a time, both the old and the new banknotes were in circulation, which, of course, is no longer the case.

    1996

    Nobel Prize for Wisława Szymborska

    In 1996, Wisława Szymborska was the first Polish woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. The news reached her working on a poem at a Creative Work Centre in Zakopane. The poem was allegedly finished only three years later and the news of the prize would change the life of the artist for ever to such an extent that her friends began calling the fact the “Stockholm tragedy”, stressing the loss of privacy, a value she cherished so much, that came together with the prize. Critics and fans of Szymborska’s poetry note her exceptional sense of humour and sincerity.

    78.png 1997

    The great flood

    The summer of 1997 brought great rainfalls, a high tide on many rivers, and the flooding of hundreds of villages and towns, including Wroclaw, Opole, Nysa, Klodzko, and Raciborz. The high tide, which also engulfed areas in Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Austria, took a heavy toll on humans and livestock and inflicted multi-million losses. The death toll in Poland was 56, while the material losses were put at USD 3.5 million.

    1998

    The concordat is introduced

    In 1998, a concordat between the Holy See and the Republic of Poland went into life. The concordat guaranteed both parties full respect for their rights, in accordance with the principles of the Second Vatican Council. The faithful most often associate it with the concordat marriage. After the concordat was introduced, marriages entered into in the Catholic church are recognised by the state.

    80.png 1999     

    Poland enters NATO

    On 12 March 1999, Poland became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). It was a landmark event which strengthened the Third Polish Republic’s political and military position. The photo shows the ceremonies which took place in front of the NATO headquarters on the day Poland acceded to the Alliance.

    2000

    Andrzej Wajda receives Oscar for lifetime achievement

    On 26 March 2000, the eminent Polish filmmaker Andrzej Wajda received an honorary Oscar for lifetime achievement. “Ladies and Gentlemen...,” he started off in English after receiving the statuette, “I will speak in Polish because I want to say what I think and feel and I have always thought and felt in Polish. I accept this great honour not only as a personal tribute, but also as a tribute to all of Polish cinema.”

    82.png 2001

    Adam Małysz’s success spree

    Adam Małysz’s victory in Innsbruck in January 2001 took the Polish ski-jumper to the top of the podium after a nearly four-year break. He also became the first Pole to win the Four Hills Tournament. His victories triggered a real Małysz-mania that swept across the country for years.

    2002

    The first edition of the Open Air (Open’er) Festival

    Open’er is currently the largest and most spectacular music festival in Poland, dating back to 2002. The first edition under this name took place in the Warsaw Stegny racing track with Chemical Brothers as its main attraction. Next year the event moved to Gdynia, its current location. Every year the main stage hosts stars such as Pearl Jam, Depeche Mode, Prince or Coldplay. Open’er is also a chance to catch recent musical trends and listen to landmark debuts. For years, the organisers have been expanding the programme to include theatre performances, magicians and movies.

    2003

    Shooting in Magdalenka

    In the early 2000s, the rivalry of two criminal groups operating from Wolomin and Pruszkow, which had lasted for over a decade, started to fade. Their place was taken by the “Mutants gang” whose ruthlessness made them enemy no. 1 for the Polish police. The police operation in Magdalenka near Warsaw, an intended apprehension of two of the gang members, turned out to be one of the grimmest days of the Polish police and a breakthrough in the struggle against the mafia. The assault cost two policemen their lives and 17 were wounded. In the aftermath, the antiterrorist teams structure was modernised and police officers across Europe learned their lesson from the Magdalenka example.

    85.png 2004

    Poland in the EU

    On May 1, 2004, Poland joined the European Union. Together with nine other new Member States, it became a full-fledged member of the European community.

    Membership of the European Union accelerated the development of the Polish economy making Poland one of the fastest developing economies of all Member States. Opening up to new markets,  passport-free travel, new roads and infrastructure, elimination of trade barriers, social exchanges, research cooperation, Erasmus scholarships and investment in culture: the list of benefits brought by Poland’s EU membership is long and impressive.

    The support for EU membership in Poland has traditionally been high, and among the highest across all Member States. In 2018, it reached a record high with 92% of the Polish population wanting to remain in the EU (CBOS).

    2005.png 2005

    Blechacz takes it all at the 15th International Chopin Competition

    Rafał Blechacz is a Polish classical pianist, who, in October 2005, won all five prizes at the 15th International Chopin Competition in Warsaw, a feat that no other pianist had achieved before him.

    According to ABC News, one of the judges, Professor Piotr Paleczny, said that Blechacz "so outclassed the remaining finalists that no second prize could actually be awarded".

    2006

    First F-16s landed in Poland

    “There can only be one winner of the multirole aircraft tender for the Polish army. The winner is F-16,” said the then Minister of National Defence as he announced the end of the procurement procedure. First multirole aircrafts landed in Krzesiny near Poznan in November 2006. Selected future fighter pilots were first sent to an English course at San Antonio military facilities in Texas and then to the Tucson Air National Guard Base. Some of them came from the US as certified instructors to train other pilots at home.

    2007

    Premiere of the first “Wiedźmin” [The Witcher] game

    Inspired by Andrzej Sapkowski's prose and made by CD PROJECT RED, the Witcher is beyond doubt a Polish bestselling game. The first part premiered in 2007 and was welcomed by both players and critics all over the world, which translated into a commercial success. An impressive 33 million copies of all three parts sold until 2017!

    90.png 2008     

    Poland joins the Schengen Agreement

    The Schengen Agreement started to apply for Poland in 2008. In practice this meant the waiving of border checks between Poland and Germany, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and the freedom of movement across the Schengen Area.

    2009     

    Abolishment of obligatory military service

    Obligatory military service for men over 18 was abolished in 2009. In the picture: soldiers of the Warsaw Garrison Security Regiment – some of the last conscripts, leaving for the reserve in 2009.

    2010

    Smolensk air disaster

    Polish aircraft Tu-154 crashed in Smolensk on Saturday, 10 April 2010. 96 passenger perished including President Lech Kaczyński, his wife Maria Kaczyńska and other members of the Polish delegation which was making its way to ceremonies commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Katyn massacre.

    2011

    Polish presidency of the EU

    On 1 July 2011 Poland took the chair of the EU Council and presided over the body for six months. Poland’s priorities included enlargement policy (e.g. signing an accession treaty with Croatia) and the neighbourhood policy (e.g. Eastern Partnership). A promotional symbol and a giveaway of Polish presidency were spinning tops – toys turned from wood and painted to remind traditional regional dress.

    93.png 2012

    Euro 2012

    The 2012 European Football Championship was co-organised by Poland and Ukraine under the slogan “Together we are creating future”. In the opening match at the National Stadium, the Polish team tied with Greece. Other matches were played in the cities of Gdansk, Wroclaw and Poznan. In the Championship final, Spain beat Italy 4-0 at the Olympic Stadium in Kyiv on 1 July.

    2013

    World’s first life-saving face transplantation by Polish doctors

    Polish doctors from the Institute of Oncology in Gliwice performed a successful face transplantation on a patient who had suffered a serious work accident. The operation was the world’s first attempt of face transplantation to remove threat to a patient’s life. The unprecedented procedure took 27 hours to complete and three years to prepare.

    2014.png 2014

    Canonisation of Pope John Paul II

    The canonisation of Pope John Paul II was held on April 27, 2014. The decision to canonize had been made by Pope Francis based on the miraculous recovery of a French nun, Marie Simon-Pierre Normand, as well as on evidence of the Polish Pope John Paul II’s virtues.

    The Canonisation Mass, celebrated by Pope Francis in Saint Peter's Square, was attended by delegations from over a hundred countries and international organisations, and at least 500,000 people.

    2015

    Oscar for “Ida”

    Paweł Pawlikowski’s film “Ida” was the first-ever Polish motion picture that received an Oscar in the Best Foreign Language Film category.

    2015.png The story of eighteen year-old Anna, an orphan raised in a convent who decides to become a nun but – shortly before taking her vows – is prompted by the Sister Superior to confront her past, and her journey of self-discovery and transformation has moved the international audiences. The picture has drawn over a million viewers in Poland and abroad.

    Before “Ida” was nominated for an American Academy Award, it had been showered with awards at a number of European and international film festivals, winning over 100 prizes, including a Goya Award and a BAFTA

    2016

    World Youth Day in Krakow

    In July, young Catholics from all over the world headed for Krakow to join in prayer and meet Pope Francis. The final Mass celebrated by the Holy Father at the Campus Misericordiae in Brzegi was attended by 1.5-3m faithful of different nationalities. Pope Francis also visited the shrine of Jasna Gora and the former German death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.

    98.png 2017

    Beginning of NATO military presence in Poland

    2017 was a landmark time as the allied forces started to be stationed in Poland following decisions made during the NATO Summit in Warsaw one year before. The key decision was strengthening of the eastern flank, which resulted in the establishment of the Multinational Division North East to coordinate the four eFP (enhanced Forward Presence) battlegroups, one of which is located near Orzysz. US troops were deployed to Zagan, Swietoszow, Skwierzyna, Boleslawiec and Powidz. A ballistic missile defence base in Redzikowo is still under construction.

    2018     

    100th anniversary of Poland’s independence

    On 11 November 2018, Poland celebrated the centenary of regaining its independence. The President and the Prime Minister attended the White-and-Red March “For You, Poland” alongside 250,000 citizens. 300,000 people attended the Independence Festival in Warsaw and 40,000 viewers saw the occasional concert at the National Stadium live and 7m watched its TV coverage. Local celebrations were held across the country as part of the special “The Independent” project. Polish national anthem was sung simultaneously in nearly 1000 places in Poland and around the globe.

    2019

    The Nobel Prize for Literature goes to Olga Tokarczuk

    Polish writer Olga Tokarczuk was awarded the literary Nobel Prize for “narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life”. She is the author of 17 books – novels, collections of stories, essays and screenplays.

    Poland.pl

  • Lens on Development 2019

    Hundreds of photos, individual and reportages, were submitted to the 5th Lens on Development 2019 photo contest. Award ceremony of the Photo Contest ‘Lens on Development 2019' was held on November 8. The photographs present everyday life, culture and problems that residents of developing countries must overcome. Contest works fell into one of five categories in which Sustainable Development Goals are grouped: People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace, Partnership. The jury, consisting of representatives of the organizers, i.e. the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Geographic Poland magazine and documentary photographers, decided to award first places in each category and five honorable mentions. The Grand Prix was not awarded.

    PROSPERITY 

    1st place: NATALIA MROZ, RUBI WITH A GOAT

    Rubi with a goat / PROSPERITY

     

    Distinction: DAMIAN LEMAŃSKI, LITTLE PRINCESS 

    Little Princess / PROSPERITY

     

    PEOPLE

    1st place: DAMIAN LEMAŃSKI, THE UNWANTEDS (REPORTAGE)

    The unwanteds / PEOPLE

    The unwanteds / PEOPLE

    The unwanteds / PEOPLE

    The unwanteds / PEOPLE

    The unwanteds / PEOPLE

    Distinction: ADAM OLESIAK, MORNING TOILET

    Morning toilet / PEOPLE

    PARTNERSHIP

    1st place: MARIUSZ JACHIMCZUK, PINEAPPLES

    Pineapples / PARTNERSHIP

    Distinction: PAULA AGNES LANGER, THERE IS A  CURIOSITY IN ALL OF US

    There is a curiosity in all of us / PARTNERSHIP

    PEACE

    1st place: BARTEK RUBIK, PRAYER FOR PEACE

    Prayer for peace / PEACE

    Distinction: NATALIA MROZ, LESSONS 

    Lessons / PEACE

    PLANET

    1st place: PRZEMEK MARSZAŁ, MEMORIES

    Memories / PLANET

    Distinction: MARCIN GABRUK, TUTUBE

    Tutube / PLANET

  • The DollHouse Museum in Warsaw

    Over 130 miniature doll’s houses from various periods and corners of the world are gathered in the DollHouse Museum located in Warsaw’s Palace of Culture and Science. Visitors can not only admire the largest collection of this type in Central and Eastern Europe, but also take part in an extraordinary lesson on ethnography, history of arts, fashion, and social changes.

    Brownstone_duzy plik.jpg The collection was born out of Aneta Popiel-Machnicka’s passion for miniature houses. A director, scriptwriter and producer, she started her adventure with doll’s houses in 2006 when she was looking for one that would be perfect for her daughter. This was the moment when she discovered that these toys are a valuable testimony of their times. When comparing doll’s houses from various periods, we can easily observe how our everyday life changed over time. For example, 19th century doll’s houses feature servants’ quarters which are not found in models from later centuries, whereas post-war houses are equipped with modern domestic appliances such as washing machines or TV sets. The exhibits offer us a glimpse into living conditions in which children would grow up: social relations in which their family functioned, or aesthetic preferences of contemporary adults. Strolling around the museum, visitors learn not only how children used to play, but also how our daily life has changed from the 19th century to modern times: trends in architecture, styles in functional art, as well as the services market. MuzeumDomkow_szpital francuski.jpg

    The museum boasts a collection of miniature houses as well as replicas of non-residential buildings: hospitals, schools, and shops. Visitors can see classrooms and hospital rooms from various periods, and, by comparing their furnishings, imagine how the realities of education or health care have changed over years. An interesting addition to the museum are miniature shops: a colonial shop, a bridal boutique, or even the butcher’s. What particularly amazes visitors is the collection of sacral toys: a Buddhist temple, a chapel, or a monastic cell. There is also an impressive gothic altar – it is also the oldest, almost two hundred years old, exhibit on display. In times when it was decided early in a child’s life whether they were destined for priesthood or order life, such toys were designed to familiarize children with the role that awaited them in adulthood. They helped to accustom children to their future professions: a nun, but also a merchant, herbalist or teacher.

    Apart from the permanent exhibition, the museum holds temporary exhibitions as well as workshops and educational sessions for children. During these sessions young visitors learn to make miniature furniture, talk about past and present professions, comparing qualities and attributes of their representatives, and learn about characters in Warsaw legends.

    Poland.pl

    MuzeumDOmkow_sklepik blawatny03.jpg ​ ​

  • Wolves Summit is coming back to Warsaw

    The highest-quality multinational conference dedicated to innovation in technology is running in Warsaw. It’s a world-famous event for startups, investors and corporations willing to change the future of technology and build relevant business connections.

    It’s a unique opportunity to meet 1:1 with 300 startups, 200 investors and 300 corporates. Thanks to the advanced matchmaking tool available before and during the conference, the participants will be able to schedule over 3000 well-matched meetings.

    1500x500.jpg To enable startups from all sectors and at different stages of development to use the leverage of Wolves Summit and to ensure the highest relevance of those present, the organizers will select 300 tech startups and invite them to join the conference for free. The Wolves Summit will also host the next edition of The Great Pitch startup competition. Conference participants will also have the opportunity to listen to experts. The topics of this edition will revolve around corporate and ecological responsibility in business, the future of medicine and the power of digital image. Specialists on the Wolves Summit stage will also talk about the startup landscape in Central and Eastern Europe.

    Source: Wolves Summit

  • Young Polish countertenor Jakub Józef Orliński with Gramopho

    Polish opera singer Jakub Józef Orliński claimed the Gramophone Classical Music Award for the Young Artist of the Year. The prize is called the “Oscar” of classical music. Two days earlier, he has won Opus Klassik Award in the Solo Recording Vocals category.

    "Not many singers could switch roles at short notice to play the title-hero in Handel’s Rinaldo at Glyndebourne – and even fewer are prize-winning breakdancers with a side-line in modelling whose extra-curricular talents have included advertising campaigns for Nike, Mercedes-Benz and Levi’s. In the context of the operatic and recording industries’ mania for marketable countertenors, Jakub Józef Orliński is not a run-of-the-mill commodity. The obvious potential for hype over style doesn’t really matter when one hears the substance of his singing."

    "Gramophone. The World's Best Classical Music Review"

    At 29, Orliński is one of the world’s most sought-after countertenors. Born in Warsaw, he studied at the Fryderyk Chopin University of Music. After the studies received postgraduate training at Juilliard School in New York, studying with Edith Wiens. He gained a reputation as a singer of striking vocal beauty and talented stagecraft, famous for charisma and professional break-dancer training. His fame rose rapidly on both sides of the Atlantic, but the performance of Vivaldi’s aria Vedrò con mio diletto, published by France Musique, was a turning point in his career. The video became a viral also because of Orliński’s clothing: shorts and flip-flops. Orliński didn’t learn that the performance was also to be streamed online and it was too late for him to change clothes, so he sang just as he was. The clip was watched by more than 4 milion people on YouTube!

    Orliński is becoming more and more popular to the wide audience. He appeals to the youngest by using social media. Fluent in English, he often posts on Instagram and Facebook. His followers watch him during his performances, but also travels and on the backstage.

    Orliński has won numerous singing competitions on both sides of the Atlantic. Among them – also this year – Opus Klassik Award in the Solo Recording Vocals category. In In autumn 2018, the Erato / Warner Classics published his long-awaited debut solo album entitled "Anima Sacra".

    Poland.pl

  • Olga Tokarczuk

    Polish writer, activist and public intellectual. Awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.”

    She was born on 29 January 1962 in Sulechów near Zielona Góra in the family of teachers. Her father worked also in school library where little Olga developed her literary appetite. Before starting artistic career, she trained as a psychologist at the University of Warsaw. After studies she moved to Wrocław and later to Wałbrzych, where she began her therapist career. Since 1998, Tokarczuk has lived in a small village Krajanów near Nowa Ruda.

    She published her first novel “The Journey of the Book-People” (Podróż ludzi księgi) in 1993. The book was well received in Poland and awarded the Polish Publisher’s Prize for the best debut. A real successs came with her third novel “Primeval and Other Times” (Prawiek i inne czasy) published in 1996. The family saga is set in a mythical village Prawiek at the very heart of Poland, guarded by four archangels. It was translated into many languages and Tokarczuk has gained an international fame. "House of Day, House of Night" (Dom dzienny, dom nocny) from 1998 is rather a blend of stories and images, depicted a region created by many cultures, individual fates and perspectives. Inspired by maps and a perspective from above, she wrote "Flights" (Bieguni) in 2007 . For this novel in 2018 she became the first Polish writer to win the Man Booker International Prize.

    In 2009 the novel „Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead" was published. It is written in the convention of a detective story with the main character telling the story from her point of view. The novel became the basis of the crime film “Spoor” directed by Agnieszka Holland. “Drive Your Plow Over The Bones of The Dead” is now on the shortlist for 2019 Man Booker International Prize.

    The magnum opus of Tokarczuk is the impressive historical novel ”The Books of Jacob” (Księgi Jakubowe) from 2014 which tells the story of Jakub Frank, a Jewish-born religious leader who led conversion of fellow Jews to Catholicism in the 18th century. 

    Nowadays Olga Tokarczuk is described as one of the most critically acclaimed and commercially successful Polish authors. She has won many awards, including the Polish Publishers' Association and Kościelski Awards, the readers' choice Nike Award four times and was many times nominated for the Nike Literary Award. In 2019, "The Books of Jacob" translated by Maryla Laurent won Prix Laure Bataillon Award for the best foreign-language book translated into French in the last year.

    In 2019, awarded for the year 2018, Olga Tokarczuk joined Polish Nobel Prize Winners: Henryk Sienkiewicz, Władysław Reymont, Isaac Bashevis Singer Czesław Miłosz and Wisława Szymborska.

    Poland.pl

  • A walk along Cracow’s Kazimierz district

    Kazimierz, one of Cracow’s flagship districts, is vibrant with cultural and café life. Its cosy streets, now lined with antique shops and romantic restaurants, have been witnesses to the history of the city and its inhabitants, including the Jewish minority that lived in the district in great numbers until the outbreak of World War II.

    Kazimierz (detail of Kraków's view) from Hartmann Schedels Weltchronik Academy on the island

    Kazimierz was named after its founder – King Casimir the Great who is famous in Polish history for his achievements as a great reformer. ‘He found a Poland made of wood and left it made of stone’ – this well-known phrase describes King Casimir’s legacy, which includes the famous district and Cracow Academy. Set up in the district of Kazimierz, this first Polish university has been in operation for centuries and nowadays is known as the Jagiellonian University. The new urban centre was to be an answer to the rebellion against the previous ruler, Ladislaus the Short, which was raised by the inhabitants of Cracow at the end of XIV century. In order to avoid such events in future, Ladislaus’s successor, King Casimir the Great, set up a town on an island on the Vistula River in 1355. The town was blooming as the Academia and numerous churches were erected there, however, with time, investments were halted by the river which regularly flooded the area. In XV century the Jewish community was resettled on the island, where they built their own district surrounded by a wall. Enclosed by today’s Miodowa, sw. Wawrzynca, Waska, Jozefa, and Bozego Ciala streets, the quarter quickly became an autonomous entity governed by Jew authorities and an important centre of Jewish culture in Poland and abroad.

    AMCieszewscy_2019_07_169999_229.JPG The history of changes

    It was only at the turn of XVIII and XIX century that Kazimierz became part of Cracow: the walls separating the Jewish quarter were pulled down and part of the river was filled with rocks and soil to connect the district to the main land. When Poland was partitioned between its three neighbours, Cracow’s status changed – what was once a proud seat of Polish kings now became a provincial city in impoverished Galicia. After obtaining their civil rights, the more affluent inhabitants of the district started to gradually leave it, moving to the city centre and better assimilating with the ethnically Polish population.

    In years before World War II, Jews constituted a quarter of Cracow’s population. Kazimierz remained the hub of their social life, as most Jewish institutions, including political parties, were located there. It was also the centre of religious life for the Jewish minority, and a place of sports and artistic groups, as well as charity and cultural organisations. The Jewish community maintained seven synagogues, while private persons and religious associations ran various houses of prayer.

    The darkest times for the Jewish Kazimierz came with the Nazi German occupation. As the Nazi executed their plan of the genocide of European Jews, the Kazimierz Jews had their rights gradually limited, and their property pillaged. Then they were isolated in ghettos and finally exterminated in Auschwitz, Belzec, and Plaszow concentration camps.

    AMCieszewscy_2019_07_169999_208.JPG Today’s routes

    In the years following World War II, the district, full of dilapidated and uninhabited buildings, had a bad reputation. However, as soon as in 1978, Kazimierz was listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO, together with Cracow’s Old Town and the Wawel Royal Castle. The fall of the communist regime started its golden age, when Kazimierz once again became a place of meetings and multicultural exchange. An event that has certainly contributed to this development is the Jewish Culture Festival. Organized since 1988, it is one of the world’s biggest and oldest festivals of this kind. Over the last decades Kazimierz has become home to artists, and numerous art galleries and cafés have lined its streets, the most popular being those situated in Szeroka, Izaaka, and Jozefa streets, as well as around Plac Nowy (the New Square). 

    When planning a sightseeing route along Kazimierz, one should take into consideration its mediaeval religious buildings, including synagogues. The most popular is the Old Synagogue which was built in XV century and boasts the most valuable exhibits of the Judaica museum collection. Another place worth visiting is the High Synagogue which was named after its prayer room that is situated upstairs – the only one of this kind in Poland. Kazimierz is also a place of two Jewish cemeteries – Remuh (the Old Cemetery) and the New Jewish Cemetery.

    AMCieszewscy_2018_05_039999_55.JPG Sauntering along the streets of Kazimierz, one should also make sure to visit one of the most beautiful and famous churches in Cracow, the Church of St Michael the Archangel and St Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr, commonly known as the Church on the Rock. Situated on a small hill of Jurassic white limestone, this baroque basilica is a place of religious cult commemorating the martyr’s death of St Stanislaus who was sentenced to death by the Polish king Bolesław II the Generous. With time the Church on the Rock became the national pantheon. Its Crypt of the Distinguished Persons is the burial place for such eminent Poles as the mediaeval chronicler Jan Długosz, the modernist painter Jacek Malczewski, or the poet and Nobel Prize winner Czesław Miłosz. 

    The most famous secular monuments in Cracow include Mykwa Wielka (the Great Mikhev) and the former marketplace Wolnica Square along with the town hall. Most of all, Kazimierz is a place of social gatherings and entertainment, which brings together interesting people from all over the world as they become enthralled with the district’s extraordinary history and atmosphere that is etched in its walls.

    Poland.pl

    The Jewish Culture Festival

    The Jewish Culture Festival has been organized in Cracow, the capital of Lesser Poland, since 1988, which makes it one of the oldest and biggest events celebrating Jewish culture. Its goal is to present the contemporary culture created by Jews living in Israel as well as by the Diaspora that is scattered all over the world. Subsequent editions of the festival encompass about 200 events: lectures, workshops, discussions, and concerts, including ‘Szalom na Szerokiej’ (Shalom in Szeroka street) – a seven-hour review of Jewish music.

    2020 will mark the 30th jubilee edition of the Festival which will last from 26 June to 5 July. The details of the festival programme will be announced in March.

  • Street kaiserpanorama shows what Gdańsk looked like 120 year

    A kaiserpanorama was set up on the Olowianka island in Gdańsk. Archive images, which have never been published before, witness the city change from mid-19th century through 1970s. The collection will be on show until 4 November.

    Street kaiserpanorama in Gdansk A stylish kaiserpanorama now stands next to the National Maritime Museum on the Ołowianka island.

    Fifty unique photographs display the daily life of the city’s inhabitants, its architecture, panorama and the passing of time. The collection is made up of the oldest available photos of Gdańsk, scenes from the inter-war period, as well as photographs by Marian Ryś-Dobrzykowski and Marek Zarzecki, post-war photographers of Gdańsk.

    Images showing the war damage are also displayed to mark the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Second World War. All photographs are presented in five galleries using the 3D and 2D technology.

    Up until now, most of them were only available at the premises of the State Archive in Gdańsk which co-founded the kaiserpanorama together with the National Digital Archives. The project marks the centenary of Poland’s regained independence. The "Archival Kaiserpanorama" has already toured Warsaw, Zamosc, Cracow and Koszalin.

    Poland.pl

  • Read Tokarczuk's novels in your language!

    In Poland, Tokarczuk is a big literary star. She is also one of the most translated Polish writers who just won the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literary. Have a look below to see if her novels are also available in your language!

    THE FOREIGN EDITION LIST

    ENGLISH:

    House of day, house of night [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans. Antonia Lloyd-Jones. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern Univ. Press, 2003.

    House of day, house of night [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans. Antonia Lloyd-Jones. London: Granta Books, 2002.

    Primeval and other times [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Antonia Lloyd-Jones. Prague: Twisted Spoon Press, 2010.

    Flights [Bieguni], trans. Jennifer Croft, London: Fitzcarraldo Editions, 2017.

    Drive Your Plow over the Bones of the Dead [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans. Antonia Lloyd-Jones, London: Fitzcarraldo Editions, 2018.

    The Books of Jacob [Księgi Jakubowe], trans. Jennifer Croft, London: Fitzcarraldo Editions, 2019.

    ALBANIAN:

    Sonate per shume tambure [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans. Astrit Beqiraj, Botimet IDK, Tirana 2019.

    BELARUSIAN:

    Pravek dy ìnšyâ časy [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Maryna Šoda, Mińsk: Vydavec Ì. P. Logvìnaŭ, 2010.

    BULGARIAN:

    Dom dzienny, dom nocny, trans. Christina Ivanova Simeonova-Mitova, Weliko Trnowo: Abagar, 2005.

    Muzika ot mnogo barabani [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans. Sylwia Borisowa, Sofia: Vessela Lutskanova, 2006.

    Posledni istorii [Ostatnie historie], trans. Mirka Kostowa, Sofia: Vessela Lutskanova, 2008.

    Pravek i drugi vremena [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Georgi Krystew, Sofia: Altera – Delta Entertainment, 2008.

    Beguni [Bieguni], trans. Sylwia Borisowa, Sofia: Vessela Lutskanova, 2009.

    Karaj pluga ci priez koctitie na mrtwitie [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans. Sylwia Borisowa, Sofia: Panorama Plus, 2013.

    CATALAN:

    Un lloc anomenat Antany [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Anna Rubió, Jerzy Sławomirski. Barcelona: Proa, 2001.

    CHINESE:

    Taigu he qitade shijian [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Yi Lijun, Yuan Hanrong yi. Taibei: Dakuai Wenhua Chubanshe Gufen Youxian Gongsi, 2003.

    CROATIAN:

    Pravijek i ostala vremena [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Pero Mioč. Zagreb: Nakladni Zavod Matice Hrvatske, 2001.

    Dom danji, dom nocni [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans. Pero Mioč. Zagreb: Nakladni Zavod Matice Hrvatske, 2002, 2003.

    Ormar [Szafa], trans. Đurđica Čilić Škeljo. Zagreb: Naklada MD, 2003.

    Tjeraj svoj plug preko mrtvačkih kostiju [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans. Mladen Martić, Zagrzeb: Naklada Ljevak, 2013.

    Knjige Jakubove [Księgi Jakubowe], trans. Mladen Martić, Fraktura, Zagreb 2018.

    CZECH:

    Pravěk a jiné časy [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Petr Vidlák. Brno: Host, 1999.

    Denní dům, noční dům [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Petr Vidlák. Brno: Host, 2002.

    Hra na spoustu bubínků [Gra na wielu bębenkach], Olomouc: Periplum, 2005.

    Anna In v hrobech sveta [Anna In w grobowcach świata], trans.  Jan Faber, Zlín: Kniha Zlín, 2008.

    Beguni [Bieguni], trans.  Petr Vidlák, Pavel Pec, Brno: Host, 2008.

    Svůj vůz i pluh ved' přes kosti mrtvých [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans. Petr Vidlák, Brno: Host, 2010.

    Okamžik medvěda [Moment niedźwiedzia], trans.  Petr Vidlák, Brno: Host, 2014.

    DANISH:

    E. E.: roman [E.E.], trans.  Runa Kildegaard Klukowska. København: Fremad, cop. 1996.

    Broderskabets rejse: roman [Podróż ludzi Księgi], trans.  Runa Kildegaard Klukowska. København: Fremad, 1997.

    Arilds tid og andre tider: roman [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Runa Kildegaard Klukowska. København: Fremad, 1998.

    Kør din plov over de dødes knogler [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Hanne Lone Tonnesen, Kopenhaga: Tiderne Skifter, 2012.

    Dagens hus, nattens hus [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Hanne Lone Tonnesen, Kopenhaga: Tiderne Skifter, 2014.

    Rejsende [Bieguni], trans. Hanne Lone Tonnesen, Tiderne Skifter, Copenhagen 2016.

    DUTCH:

    Amos, trans. Karol Lesman. Breda: De Geus, 1998.

    Oer en andere tijden [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Karol Lesman. Breda: De Geus, 1998.

    Huis voor de dag, huis voor de nacht [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Karol Lesman. Breda: De Geus, 1999, 2000.

    De laatste verhalen [Ostatnie historie], trans.  Karol Lesman, Breda: De Geus, 2008.

    ESTONIAN:

    Algus ja teised ajad [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Hendrik Lindepuu, Tartu: Hendrik Lindepuu Kirjastus, 2012.

    Päeva maja, öö maja [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Heddrik Lindepuu, Tartu: Hendrik Lindrpuu Kirjastus, 2013.

    FINNISH:

    Päivän talo, yön talo [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Tapani Kärkkäinen, Helsinki, Otava, 2004.

    Alku ja muut ajat [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Tapani Kärkkäinen, Helsinki Otava, 2007.

    Vaeltajat [Bieguni], trans.  Tapani Kärkkäinen, Helsinki: Otava, 2012.

    FRENCH:

    Dieu, le temps, les hommes, et les anges [Prawiek i inne czasy],trans.  Christophe Glogowski. Paris: R. Laffont, 1998.

    Maison de jour, maison de nuit [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Christophe Glogowski. Paris: R. Laffont, 2001.

    Récits ultimes [Ostatnie historie], trans.  Grażyna Erhard. Lausanne: Les Éditions Noir sur Blanc, 2007.

    Les pérégrins [Bieguni], trans.  Grażyna Erhard, Lausanne: Noir sur Blanc, 2010.

    Sur les ossements des morts [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Margot Carlier, Lozanna: Noir sur Blanc, 2012.

    Les Livres de Jakób [Księgi Jakubowe], trans. Maryla Laurent, Lausanne : Noir sur Blanc, 2018.

    GERMAN:

    Der Schrank: Erzählungen [Szafa], trans.  Esther Kinsky. München: Dt. Taschenbuch-Verl., 2001.

    Der Schrank: Erzählungen [Szafa], trans.  Esther Kinsky. Stuttgart; München: Dt. Verl.-Anst., 2000.

    Taghaus, Nachthaus: Roman [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Esther Kinsky. 2. Aufl. München: Dt. Taschenbuch-Verl., 2004.

    Taghaus, Nachthaus: Roman [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Esther Kinsky. Stuttgart; München: Dt. Verl.-Anst., 2001.

    Ur und andere Zeiten: Roman [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Esther Kinsky. Berlin: Berlin-Verl., 2000, 2002.

    Letzte Geschichten [Ostatnie historie], trans.  Esther Kinsky, München: Dt. Verl.-Anst., 2006.

    Spiel auf vielen Trommeln [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans.  Esther Kinsky, Berlin: Matthes und Seitz, 2006.

    Anna In in den Katakomben [Anna In w grobowcach świata], trans.  Esther Kinsky, Berlin: Berlin-Verl., 2007.

    Unrast [Bieguni], trans.  Esther Kinsky, Frankfurt am Main: Schöffling & Co., 2009.

    Der Gesang der Fledermause [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Doreen Daume, Frankfurt am Main: Schöffling & Co., 2011.

    Die Jakobsbücher [Księgi Jakubowe], trans. Lisa Palmes, Lothar Quinkenstein, Kampa Verlag, Zürich 2018.

    GREEK:

    To Archiegono kie alli kieri [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans. Alexandra Ioannidou, Athens, Kastaniotis Editions, 2017.

    HEBREW:

    [Ostatnie historie], Achuzat Bayit Books 2010.

    HINDI:

    Kamre aur anya kahaniyan [Szafa], trans.  Maria Puri Skakuj, New Delhi: Rajkamal Prakashan, 2014.

    HUNGARIAN:

    Az Öskönyv nyomában [Podróż ludzi Księgi], trans.  Mihályi Zsuzsa. Budapest: Európa Kvk., 2000.

    Sok dobon játszani [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans.  Zsuzsa Mihályi, Lajos Pálfalvi, Budapest: Napkút K., 2006.

    Őskor és más idők [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Gábor Körner, Budapest: L’Harmattan, 2011.

    ITALIAN:

    Dio, il tempo, gli uomini e gli angeli [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Raffaella Belletti. Roma: E/O, cop. 1999.

    Che Guevara e altri racconti, trans.  Silvano De Fanti, Udine: Forum, 2006.

    Guida il tuo carro sulle ossa dei morti [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Silvano De Fanti, Rzym: Nottotempo, 2012.

    Nella quiete del tempo [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Raffaella Belletti, Rzym: Nottotempo, 2013.

    JAPANESE:

    Hiru no ie, yoru no ie [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Hikaru Ogura. Tokyo: Hakusuisha, 2010.

    Toubouha [Bieguni], trans.  Hikaru Ogura. Tokyo: Hakusuisha, 2014.

    LITHUANIAN:

    Praamžiai ir kiti laikai: romanas [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Vyturys Jarutis. Vilnius: Strofa, 2000.

    Dienos namai, nakties namai [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Vyturys Jarutis, Vilnius: Strofa, 2007.

    MACEDONIAN:

    Pravek i drugite vreminja [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Lidija Tanusevska, Skopje: Makedonska rec, 2008.

    Talkaci [Bieguni], transl. Lidija Tanushevska, Ili-Ili, Skopje 2013.

    E.E., trans.  Lidia Tanuszewskaja, Skopje: Antolog, 2014.

    NORWERGIAN:

    E. E. [E. E.], trans.  Anne Walseng. [Oslo]: Cappelen, 2001.

    Loperne [Bieguni], trans.  Aldona Szczepańska, Knopparap: Den Grone Malen, 2012.

    ROMANIAN

    Călătoria oamenilor Cărţii [Podróż ludzi Ksiegi], trans.  Constantin Geambaşu. Iaşi: Polirom, 2001.

    Străveacul şi alte vremi [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Olga Zaicik. Iaşi: Polirom, 2002.

    Rătăcitorii [Bieguni], trans.  Cristina Godun, Bukareszt: Editura Art., 2012.

    Casăde zi, casăde noapte [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Cristina Godun, Kluż-Napoka: Casa Cărtii de Stiintă, 2015.

    RUSSIAN:

    Put’ ljudej Knigi: roman [Podróż ludzi Księgi]. Moskva: AST, 2002.

    Pravek i drugie vremena [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Tatiana Izotova Moskva: Novoe Lit. Obozrenie, 2004.

    Dom dnevnoj, dom nočnoj [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], Moskva: Tranzitkniga: AST Moskva Kyzyl: AST, 2005.

    Igra na raznych barabanach [Gra na wielu bębenkach], Moskva: Novoe Lit. Obozrenie, 2006.

    Poslednie istorii [Ostatnie historie], Moskva: Novoe Lit. Obozrenie, 2006.

    Beguni [Bieguni], Moskva: Novoe Lit. Obozrenie, 2010.

    SERBIAN:

    Dnevna kuća, noćna kuća [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Milica Markić. Beograd: Nolit, 2002.

    Svirka na mnogo bubnjeva [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans.  Milica Markić. Beograd: Nolit, 2004.

    U potrazi za knjigom [Podróż ludzi Księgi], trans.  Milica Markić. Beograd: Nolit, 2001.

    Beguni [Bieguni], trans.  Milica Markic, Beograd: Paideia, 2010.

    Pamtivek i druga doba [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Milica Markić, Belgrad: Paideia, 2013.

    Wuci swoje rało po kostima mrtwich [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Milica Markić, Belgrad: Nowi Sad, 2014.

    Knjige Jakovljeve [Księgi jakubowe], trans. Milica Markić, Paideia/Službeni glasnik, 2017.

    SLOVAK:

    Hra na mnohých bubienkoch [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans.  Karol Chmel, Bratysława: Drewo a Srd, 2003.

    Dom vo dne, dom v noci [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Karol Chmel, Bratysława: Aspekt, 2002.

    Anna In v hrobkách sveta [Anna In w grobowcach świata], trans.  Karol Chmel, Bratysława: Slovart, 2008.

    SLOVENIAN:

    Dnevna hiša, nočna hiša [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Jana Unuk, Ljubljana: Društvo Apokalipsa, 2005.

    Beguni [Bieguni], trans.  Jana Unuk, Ljubljana: Modrijan, 2010.

    Jakobove bukve [Księgi Jakubowe], trans. Milica Markić, KUD Police Dubove, 2017.

    SPANISH:

    Unlugar llamado Antaño [Prawiek i inne czasy], trans.  Ester Rabasco Macías, Bogumila Wyrzykowska. Barcelona: Lumen, 2001.

    Sobre los huesos de los muertos [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Abel Murcia, Meksyk: Editorial Oceano de Mexico, 2015.

    SWEDISH:

    Spel på många små trummor: noveller [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans.  Jan Henrik Swahn. [Tollarp]: Ariel; Lund: Ellerström, 2002.

    Daghus, natthus [Dom dzienny, dom nocny], trans.  Jan Henrik Swahn. Ariel Skrifter, 2005.

    Gammeltida och andra tider [Prawiek i inne czasy], Tollarp: Ariel, 2006.

    Löparna [Bieguni], trans.  Jan Henrik Swahn, Tollarp: Ariel, 2009.

    Styr din plog över de dödas ben [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Jan Henrik Swahn, Tollarp: Ariel Förlag, 2010.

    Björnens ögonblick [Moment niedźwiedzia], trans.  Jan Henrik Swahn, Jelgava: Ariel Skrifter, 2014.

    Jakobsböckerna [Księgi Jakubowe], trans. Jan Henrik Swahn, Linderöd: Ariel förlag, 2015.

    TURKISH:

    Koşucular [Bieguni], trans.  Neşe Taluy Yüce, Ankara: Alabanda Yayinlari, 2016.

    UKRAINIAN:

    Gra na bagat'oh barabančikah [Gra na wielu bębenkach], trans.  Vìktor Dmitruk, Lwów: Lìtopis, 2004.

    Mandrìvka lûdej knigi [Podróż ludzi Księgi], trans.  Nìna Bìčuâ, Lwów: Lìtopis, 2004.

    Pravìk ta ìnšì časi [Prawiek i inne czasy], Lwów: Kal'varìâ, 2005.

    Octanni ictopiï [Ostatnie historie], Lwów: Litopys, 2007.

    Biguni [Bieguni], trans.  Osman Śliwiński, Charków: Folio, 2011.

    Vedi svìj plug ponad kìstkami mertvih [Prowadź swój pług przez kości umarłych], trans.  Boženi Antonâk, Lwów: Urbìno, 2011.

    Poland.pl

  • Olga Tokarczuk awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature!

    Polish writer, activist and public intellectual. Awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Literature “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.”

    She was born on 29 January 1962 in Sulechów near Zielona Góra in the family of teachers. Her father worked also in school library where little Olga developed her literary appetite. Before starting artistic career, she trained as a psychologist at the University of Warsaw. After studies she moved to Wrocław and later to Wałbrzych, where she began her therapist career. Since 1998, Tokarczuk has lived in a small village Krajanów near Nowa Ruda.

    She published her first novel “The Journey of the Book-People” (Podróż ludzi księgi) in 1993. The book was well received in Poland and awarded the Polish Publisher’s Prize for the best debut. A real successs came with her third novel “Primeval and Other Times” (Prawiek i inne czasy) published in 1996. The family saga is set in a mythical village Prawiek at the very heart of Poland, guarded by four archangels. It was translated into many languages and Tokarczuk has gained an international fame.  

    "House of Day, House of Night" (Dom dzienny, dom nocny) from 1998 is rather a blend of stories and images, depicted a region created by many cultures, individual fates and perspectives. Inspired by maps and a perspective from above, she wrote "Flights" (Bieguni) in 2007 . For this novel in 2018 she became the first Polish writer to win the Man Booker International Prize.

    In 2009 the novel „Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead was published”. It is written in the convention of a detective story with the main character telling the story from her point of view. The novel became the basis of the crime film “Spoor” directed by Agnieszka Holland. “Drive Your Plow Over The Bones of The Dead” is now on the shortlist for 2019 Man Booker International Prize.

    The magnum opus of Tokarczuk is the impressive historical novel ”The Books of Jacob” (Księgi Jakubowe) from 2014 which tells the story of Jakub Frank, a Jewish-born religious leader who led conversion of fellow Jews to Catholicism in the 18th century. This time Tokarczuk goes back to the moment in Polish history that has not been elaborated on so far by any other author.

    Nowadays Olga Tokarczuk is described as one of the most critically acclaimed and commercially successful Polish authors. She has won many awards, including the Polish Publishers' Association and Kościelski Awards, the readers' choice Nike Award four times and was many times nominated for the Nike Literary Award. In 2019, "The Books of Jacob" translated by Maryla Laurent won Prix Laure Bataillon Award for the best foreign-language book translated into French in the last year.

    In 2019, awarded for the year 2018, olga Tokarczuk joined Polish Nobel Prize Winners: Henryk Sienkiewicz, Władysław Reymont, Isaac Bashevis Singer Czesław Miłosz and Wisława Szymborska.

    Poland.pl


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Ogłoszenie

Polskie Towarzystwo Turystyczno – Krajoznawcze, 7. Batalion Kawalerii Powietrznej 25. Brygady Kawalerii Powietrznej, Oddział PTTK „Szaniec” w Skierniewicach, Komisja Zarządu Głównego PTTK do Współpracy z Wojskiem Polskim zapraszają do zdobywania NOWEJ ODZNAKI Turystyczno – Krajoznawczej „SZLAKIEM BITWY NAD BZURĄ 1939 IM. GEN. DYW. TADEUSZA KUTRZEBY”.

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